1. It covers the greater part of the Ice Age. Hunters and food gatherers; tools used were hand axes, choppers and cleavers. 2. Tools were rough and heavy. One of the earliest lower Palaeolithic sites is Bori in Maharashtra. 3. Limestone was also used to make tools. Major sites of lower Palaeolithic age Soan valley (in present Pakistan) Sites in the Thar Desert Kashmir Mewar plains Saurashtra Gujarat Central India Deccan Plateau Chotanagpur plateau North of the Cauvery River Belan valley in UP There are habitation sites including caves and rock shelters. An important place is Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh.